From Insulin Resistance to High Blood Sugar: Unraveling Type 2 Diabetes

From Insulin Resistance to High Blood Sugar: Unraveling Type 2 Diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes?

1 in every 10 individuals in a room will have type 2 diabetes.

According to the CDC, around 37 million Americans have diabetes, with approximately 90-95% of those cases being type 2 diabetes.

While type 2 diabetes used to mainly affect individuals over the age of 45, it has unfortunately become more common (though not normal) to see this condition in children and teenagers due to the prevalence of the standard American Diet.

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by the body's difficulty in regulating blood sugar levels.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

This difficulty arises from the hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. Insulin acts as a key, allowing blood sugar to enter cells, such as muscle cells, so that the body can use it for energy.

The challenge with type 2 diabetes arises when the body produces insulin, but the cells fail to respond to its signal. This condition is known as insulin resistance. In response, the body compensates by producing more insulin in an attempt to prompt the cells to respond.

Chronically High Blood Sugar

However, this approach presents a problem. Eventually, the pancreas struggles to keep up with the increased demand, resulting in high blood sugar levels. This sets the stage for pre-diabetes, which often progresses to type 2 diabetes.

It is important to note that sugar is not meant to remain in the bloodstream. High blood sugar levels can cause significant damage to the body and may lead to serious health complications such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.

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